The Pomeranian originates from the Artic or Spitz dogs of Iceland and Lapland, these working dogs were used for pulling sleds, hunting, herding and when danger threatened sounding the alarm (this is why bored Poms can be yappy, we bred them to bark). Yes you read that correctly Poms were used for pulling sleds! These Spitz breed were popular in Germany as early as the sixteenth century and eventually 5 distinct types emerged. They were the Keeshond, the Grosse Spitz or Giant Spitz, the Mittel Spitz, the Klein Spitz and the Zwerg Spitz. We still have these breeds today, the Keeshond and the giant Spitz are really only differentiated by colour. The Mittel Spitz and Klein Spitz are generally referred to as German Spitz. The Mittel Spitz is a breed commonly seen in Europe, in North America we see more of their direct descendant the America Eskimo (which was re-named due to anti-German sentiment at the time). In fact most Kennel clubs allow the American Eskimo to be registered under the German Spitz Mittel title as there are only a couple Kennel clubs that recognize the American Eskimo are a breed. This is why we allow the use of America Eskimos and German Spitz Dogs in Pomskies.
The Zwergspitz has since become known as the Pomeranian, it is called this not because it came from Pomerania (a region of Germany & Poland) but because it was bred down to a smaller size here. Now when I say a smaller size I mean 20-30 lbs which is much larger than the Poms of today. Fun Fact: Poms are still call Zwergspitz in Germany. The breed began to gain popularity when England’s Queen Charlotte imported two white Pom’s in 1767. In 1888 when her granddaughter Queen Victoria brought home 4 Pomeranians (including Marco a small red sable Pom who is the most well-known of the 4) the breed really took off. Pomeranians became a recognized AKC breed in 1900 and in the 1930’s made their first appearance on the AKC’s top 10 Breeds list. Today Pomeranians are popular not only in England and the United States but all over the world.
photos courtesy of Maine Aim Ranch Pomskies